numerous anthropological examples of social formations that have not taken on the form of State authority, or that have existed in the interstices of States and that have "autonomized" themselves or exempted themselves from its control.

Aspects of an anarchist anthropology

In particular, Graeber suggests several areas a hypothetical anarchist anthropology would need to tackle, and in the book elaborates on each point briefly:

1. A theory of the state
2. A theory of political entities that are not states
3. Yet another theory of capitalism
4. Power/ignorance, or power/stupidity (Graeber explores a possible theory of the relation of power not with knowledge, but with ignorance and stupidity, in explicit opposition to Foucault's theories of power and knowledge. "Because violence, particularly structural violence, where all the power is on one side, creates ignorance." (p. 72))
5. An ecology of voluntary associations
6. A theory of political happiness
7. Hierarchy
8. Suffering and pleasure: on the privatization of desire
9. One or several theories of alienation

Marxist political economy, and Foucaultian analytics of power, different as they are from one another, both view State power as an effect and an instrument of social, political, technological, and economic power relations, rather than as the source, or the most basic component, of those relations.